The technical plan of Project 641 ocean-going submarines (75 boats) was produced. Chief Designers were S.A. Egorov and Z.A. Deribin (after 1958). B-2 - the lead submarine of the Project - was commissioned by the USSR Navy in 1963.


Project 641 submarine
S.A. Egorov
Z.A. Deribin

P.P.Pustyntsev was appointed Chief Designer of cruise missile submarines; he was at the head of the company from 1951 to 1974.




A modification was developed for a Project 613 submarine to try new submarine weapons - cruise missiles P-5 - developed under the supervision of V.N. Chelomey.  C-146 submarine refitted to Project P613 successfully launched several cruise missiles in 1956 and 1957.

Project 613 "С-146" submarine
V.N. Chelomey, P.P. Pustyntsev and I.D. Spassky 1976

In August, CDB-18 began to develop two first generation nuclear submarine projects:

  • Project 658 nuclear submarines armed with three ballistic missiles, the Chief Designer was S.N. Kovalev.  K-19 - the lead Project 658 submarine - joined the USSR Navy in 1960. Altogether 8 submarines were built to this design.
Project 658 submarine
S.N. Kovalev
  • Project 659 nuclear submarine with six cruise missiles. The chief designers were P.P. Pustyntsev and N.A. Klimov (from 1959). K-45 - the lead Project 659 submarine - joined the USSR Navy in 1961. There were 5 subs in the series.


Project 659 submarine
P.P. Pustyntsev
N.A. Klimov


Several refitting options were offered for Project 613 submarines to install cruise missiles onboard (Projects 644, 644D and 646).


CDB-18 moved to new premises at 90, ulitsa Marata, and has remained there ever since.

Project 675 nuclear submarine with P-6 cruise missile complex (26 boats) was developed, Chief Designer P.P. Pustyntsev. K-175 - the lead submarine of the Project - was commissioned by the USSR Navy in 1963. Subsequently, P-500 and Vulkan cruise missile complexes were installed on Project 675 submarines.

Project 675 submarine
P.P. Pustyntsev


The technical plan for Project 651 large diesel submarines (16 boats) with four cruise missiles - complexes P-5 or P-6 - was developed. K-120 - the lead submarine of the Project - was commissioned by the USSR Navy in 1963.


Project 651 submarine
A.S. Kassatsier


The Order of Lenin was awarded to CDB-18 for the development of nuclear missile submarines.

Project 658 was modified for the underwater launch of ballistic missiles of D-4 Complex.

The second generation  Project 667A nuclear missile submarine was developed; Chief Designer was S.N. Kovalev. The lead missile submarine of that Project joined the USSR Navy in 1967 and became the first ship in the largest series of nuclear missile submarines (34 boats). Subsequently, Project 667A submarines were continuously modified mainly by installing missiles with increased firing range, split warheads etc. To comply with the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, some Project 667A submarines were refitted for experimental and research works, missiles dismantled.

Project 667A submarine
S.N. Kovalev


CDB-18 was renamed into the Leningrad Design and Erection Bureau “Rubin” (LDEB “Rubin”).


The USSR leaders L.I.Brezhnev, A.N.Kosygin and A.A.Grechko visited the construction site of K-137, the lead submarine of Project 667A.



L.I. Brezhnev, A.N. Kosygin and A.A. Grechko onboard 667A submarine


The Torpedo Tube Design Bureau was transferred from LDEB “Rubin” to Special Design and Erection Bureau for Machine Building “Malakhit” (the new name of SDB-143).


The Commander-in-Chief of the USSR Navy, Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union S.G.Gorshkov awarded a commemorative Naval Flag to Rubin for successful selfless work on strengthening the fighting power of the USSR Navy.


Works on deep-diving vehicles were given to SDEBMB "Malakhit".


The design of the third generation Project 949 submarine with cruise missiles “Granit” was developed under the leadership of P.P. Pustyntsev and I.L. Baranov (after 1977).  K-525 - the lead submarine of the Project - was commissioned by the USSR Navy in 1980. Beginning from the third ship, K-148, commissioned in 1986, submarines of the series were built to the improved Project 949A.


Project 949A submarine
P.P. Pustyntsev
I.L. Baranov


The technical plan of the world's deepest-diving submarine was developed under the leadership of Chief Designers N.A. Klimov and Yu.N. Kormilitsyn (after 1977).  К-278, a Project 685 submarine  was commissioned by the USSR Navy in 1983.


Project 685 "K-278" submarine
N.A. Klimov
Yu.N. Kormilitsyn


I.D. Spassky was appointed Head of LDEB “Rubin” to remain at the position until 2007.

I.D. Spassky


The largest in the world Project 941 heavy missile nuclear submarine cruiser was developed. Chief Designer was S.N. Kovalev. TK-208, the lead submarine of this series was commissioned by the Navy in 1981.


Project 941 Heavy Missile Nuclear Submarine Cruiser
S.N. Kovalev

Project 667AM was developed to modify Project 667A for testing D-11 missile complex with  R-31 solid propellant intercontinental ballistic missile. Thus, a new direction was taken for the production of Russian sea-launched missiles followed by the most powerful missile complex with  R-39 solid-propellant ballistic missiles for Project 941 heavy strategic missile cruisers. After Harbour Tests, Shipyard Sea Trials and State Acceptance Trials, in 1976 the Project 667AM submarine was delivered for joint flight tests of the missile complex. The complex was accepted for trial operation. For ten years the USSR Navy was successfully operating the submarine.  D-11 missile complex was highly estimated by the Navy for its reliability, safety and simple operation.


Project 667AM submarine
O.Ya. Margolin

The new generation diesel-electric torpedo submarine was developed. That Project under numbers 877, 877E, 877EKM and 636 became widely known abroad. Chief Designer (General Designer after 1994) was Yu.N. Kormilitsyn. A considerable number of those submarines were purchased by numerous countries. B-248 - the lead Project 877 submarine - joined the USSR Navy in 1980.


Project 877 submarine
Yu.N. Kormilitsyn

On 5 November 1976, the Museum was opened in Rubin.

For outstanding services in special engineering (submarines) LDEB “Rubin” was awarded with the Order of the October Revolution.


The Project 66 A was modified into Project 667AT to convert a missile submarine into a torpedo submarine. The Chief designer was O.Ya. Margolin. To enhance the boat's combat potential, side torpedo tubes were provided; the TTs  and the increased amount of ammunition were accommodated in the new central block of compartments welded into the submarine pressure hull instead of cut-out and disposed missile compartments. This solution required a special hull structure which had had no equivalents in the national shipbuilding. Project 667AT excelled all national and foreign submarines  of the time in the total amount of missile and torpedo ammunition. The Navy received the submarine in 1986. Later, two more submarines were modified to the project.

Project 667AT submarine
O.Ya. Margolin


The Project 667M submarine (Andromeda) was developed.Under the project, a Project 667A strategic missile submarine cruiser was modified for the Meteorit-M missile complex with a 3M-25 strategic ultrasonic cruise missile launched from a submarine on surface or underwater. The Harbour Tests, Shipyard Sea Trials and then State Acceptance Trials (without the missiles) were conducted in 1982-1983. The Integrated (State) Tests of the Meteorit-M complex started in 1988 first at the land-based test facility and then on the submarine. The number of successful launches at all test stages was approximately equal to the number of unsuccessful launches. This, and the necessity to build specialised platforms brought the works on the Meteorit-M to termination in 1989, while the submarine was delivered to the Navy as a torpedo version in 1990.


Project 667М (“Andromeda”)
O.Ya. Margolin
E.A. Gorigledjan


Project 667AK (Akson-1) under the leadership of O.Ya. Margolin was developed to convert a Project 667A nuclear submarine meant for decommissioning into a laboratory sub for field fine-tuning of sonar systems and other experimental models of acoustic and non-acoustic electronic equipment.  The works onboard were completed in 1983.  It allowed to complete important stages of adjustment and trials for individual sonar subsystems, including a towed array, and the integrated sonar system prior to the serial supply of sonar systems to ships under construction.


Project 667AK (“Akson - 1”)
O.Ya. Margolin


For the first time in the shipbuilding industry the title of General Designer was conferred to I.D.Spassky and S.N.Kovalyov.



I.D. Spassky
S.N. Kovalev

A Project 667A strategic missile submarine cruiser was modified into 667AN for the research in the global Ocean, Earth physical fields and sea bottom. A new central block was to be inserted instead of cut-out missile compartments to accommodate research facilities, equipment and cabins and sanitary rooms for crew and researchers.  Taking into account the purpose of the submarine, its endurance was considerably increased. Hence it was required not only to accommodate more stocks onboard but also provide comfortable conditions for the crew and researchers. The refit was done by the Zvyozdochka shipyard  in cooperation with the Sevmashpredpriyatiye shipyard. The submarine was launched in June 1990. After successful Harbour Tests, Shipyard Sea Trials and State Acceptance Trials the submarine was commissioned by the Navy in 1991.